Different applications of piping will determine which types you need to look at, so will the installation methods and the materials you need the pipes to be made from. It is a good idea to ask your tradesman what types of piping he or she is using in your home or compare the new ones you are buying to the ones you are replacing.
Piping can be made from various types of metals, plastics and rubbers to fit a variety of needs. It is a good idea to make sure that the material and pipe size has been proof pressure tested for your applications before purchase. This ensures that you are getting the right material for the job and you will not have a blowout from the pipe not being able to take the pressure of the system.
Most of the time you will be looking at metal piping, usually copper, for your home applications. This is because the sturdy material is durable and reliable. Many mobile living spaces, such as tiny homes, and some big buildings are moving to a plastic tubing for plumbing because it is more flexible. If you are using outdoor plumbing fixtures, then you will need a pipe that is resistant to the light and elements for durability.
Installation is a big concern when it comes to plumbing because the easier the installation, the fewer labor hours you are paying for. This does not mean that any one type of piping is easy to install, because you will still need to take into consideration the size of the job and how many connections there are to the water main, as well as other factors.
The more you research the piping for your plumbing project, the easier time you will have with the installation and the more confidence you can be in the durability of your system. It is important to determine if the types of piping have been pressure tested for the application and that you know how to install it before you start.