Cancer develops in the form of cells, and oncologists classify cancer by the location in the body and the tissues it forms. For instance, carcinomas form in internal or external body cells, while sarcomas develop in soft tissues and bones. With over 100 types of cancer, oncologists/patients can utilize different approaches to cure or damage tumors. Cancer treatment approaches are associated with several problems and side effects that affect healthy tissues and organs.
People receiving the same type of cancer treatment may experience varying side effects. Cancer treatment centers uniquely assemble outstanding physicians to help provide target treatments with minimal side hurdles. Oncologist Orange County is an example of a cancer foundation that features outstanding researchers for specific cancer diagnoses.
Cancer treatments that usually combine different treatment methods may pose more side effects to a patient. The most effective treatments and research approaches include;
- Surgery: Involves procedural removal of cancer tumor.
- Immunotherapy: Treatment that helps your immune system fight cancer
- Precision medicine: genetic disease information that helps in selecting treatments
- Targeted therapy: Treatment that targets the changes in cancer cells that help them grow, divide and spread.
- Chemotherapy: Use of drugs to kill cancer cells
- Biomarker testing: Gathering of genetic information that provides information about cancer
- Radiotherapy: Use of high doses of radiation to damage tumors and cancer cells.
- Hormone therapy: Treatment that slows or stops the growth of cancer cells that depend on hormones
- Stem cell transplant: Procedural return of blood-forming stem cells in cancer patients
Among the most common side effects that may result from cancer treatments include: Bleeding and bruising (Thrombocytopenia), diarrhea, constipation, hair loss (Alopecia), fatigue, lymphedema, pain, nausea and vomiting, sleep problems, skin and nail changes, loss of appetite, and nerve problems (peripheral neuropathy).
Oncologists within a cancer treatment center provide the most effective treatment depending on cancer subtype and stage. Due to metastasis, a person can have more than one type of cancer.