Personal care homes provide individualized medical services, shelter, assistance, and supervision to their residents. Several governmental and non-governmental organizations ensure that these facilities adhere to the set rules and regulations so that the elderly get nothing but the best services.
When looking for these kinds of institutions, it is imperative to understand the different types in order to make an informed decision. Here is a breakdown of the various types of senior homes.
Assisted Living Facilities
Assisted living facilities, also referred to as congregate housing, are an ideal choice for people who need little to no help. Each resident lives in his or her own fully furnished apartment. However, the rooms are fitted with modern emergency signaling devices that one can use to request emergency medical attention at any hour. The residents also share some spaces, such as the laundry, fitness, dining, and living rooms. Other privileges offered include security, housekeeping, and transportation. It is important to note that the set of services may vary from one facility to another.
Residential facilities, also commonly referred to as domiciliary facilities, offer assistance to elderly people who need specialized medical attention. Most of them operate around the clock and are managed by professionals. These personal care homes require their residents to be mentally fit and capable of doing simple tasks such as feeding and dressing themselves without assistance. The best facilities allocate each resident a one-bedroom apartment with a private bathroom and storage units. Extra services may include housekeeping, social activities, meals, and laundry.
Nursing facilities are an ideal choice for elderly people who have a serious health condition and need to be monitored 24/7. They offer professional nursing, emergency medical services, rehabilitation programs, and social activities. The level of attention provided can be skilled, intermediate, or custodial. Intermediate means that one is assisted with activities necessary for daily living, such as the provision of nursing attention. Skilled assistance means one is given 24-hour medical supervision, rehabilitation, and skilled nursing services. Custodial means that the resident needs daily-living assistance but does not necessarily require the expertise of a skilled nurse.
These are the most common types of personal care homes. During the decision-making process, it is important to read policy documents to know a facility’s services and regulations. For example, some do not admit people who have health conditions like cancer or who use wheelchairs. Having all of this information at hand will help you choose the best facility for your loved one.